Hair loss is a condition that men and women have devoted time and money into treating for many decades now. Awareness is the key toward finding the appropriate remedy for it because there are different causes for balding. Knowing the true cause of their hair loss is the beginning for accurate treatment. The remedies are available, it is about knowing what to use for the right kind of hair loss at its corresponding stages.
Perhaps the most common type of hair loss is androgenic alopecia. It affects men and women alike at different times of their life. Male pattern baldness begins around the late twenties to early thirties in most men, although it can start much earlier, and is evidenced by a receding hairline beginning from the front of the scalp followed by the vertex area. The binding of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) with the androgen receptors of the hair follicle is the cause of androgenic alopecia. Nutrients are prevented from reaching the hair follicle because it is blocked by DHT. This will eventually cause the hair follicles to shrink and the scalp to lose its hair.
Another common cause for hair loss is stress. This could lead to the condition called telogen effluvium or the sudden shift between the hair growth cycles called the anagen stage to the telogen stage. It is said to be caused by traumatic life events such as divorce, major surgery, loss of a loved one, accident and childbirth. Hair is lost gradually three months after the event itself. This may be attributed to the different hormonal surges the body experiences during the stress or shock of the event. Stress is also known to trigger the autoimmune condition called alopecia areata or the random appearance of smooth, round bald spots all over the scalp. This is caused by the white blood cells attacking the hair follicles mistaking it to be a foreign body. As a result, it is slowly prevented from creating new hair strands.
These instances are not the only ones that cause hair loss. There are others that are less common and can be induced by other factors such as: vitamin deficiency, disease, infection and chemotherapy.
There have been different kinds of treatment that could be more appropriate for each specific cause. The drug finasteride for example is a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor that prevents the enzyme 5-alpha reductase from binding with testosterone to produce DHT. This would be a more effective treatment for androgenic alopecia. Cortisone pills on the other hand, might be more effective to treat alopecia areata because it is a steroid that weakens the immune system. This in effect, suppresses the white blood cells from attacking the hair follicles.
New methods to treat balding in its many forms continue to be available. One such procedure is the platelet rich plasma (PRP) treatment that separates the plasma from the patient’s own blood by subjecting it to a spinning process. It is then injected into the patient’s scalp, sometimes after a derma roller is used to stimulate the top layer of the skin with micro needles. PRP sparks the cells into action to repair and heal the micro cuts caused by the derma roller. The plasma in turn, accelerates the process of healing and growth. Hair follicles that have been struck by this process are awakened from their dormant state and the their growth is to be fueled by the PRP. A patient usually gets a treatment every three months or so.