Androgenic alopecia has no known cure as of the moment. Totally preventing it from happening is still a work in progress. The most that present balding solutions can do is slow it down or camouflage it. This is already a huge leap for earlier options such as putting on a hat or a hairpiece to conceal hair loss. Today’s methods offer a full range of techniques that can provide authentic looking hair or even help it regrow in places of baldness. It is also possible to use more than one method. This allows the process to become more imaginative, raising the bar on how realistic a certain combination of solutions can appear.
The progression of male pattern baldness has to be taken into consideration before using any technique. It starts with a receding hairline at the temporal areas followed shortly after by the frontal regions of the scalp. There will usually be a good amount of thinning in these areas before the center of the crown region begins to bald as well. The hair loss will increase in all areas until it results in the top of the scalp being completely without hair. What would remain will resemble the shape of a horseshoe type pattern.
Treating this type of hair loss can be accomplished through the use of hair transplant surgery. The strip of hair that will be left in the end stages of androgenic alopecia can be used to harvest healthy hair follicles from. It should not be allowed to reach this far however because the bald areas would be far greater than can be possibly be treated with hair transplant surgery. The hair follicles are only rearranged through this technique. There are no new ones that will be grown in the transplanted region aside from those units that were grafted. A good estimation of what will constitute the donor area should then be made while there are enough hair follicles to supply these balding regions with. It is also important to determine this with certainty because of the scars that will surely result from surgery.
Using the follicular unit transplantation method or FUT can cover a large area exhibiting hair loss. This technique requires the surgeon to make a horizontal incision to extract a strip of skin containing healthy hair follicles. This is further partitioned into smaller grafts under two classifications. Mini grafts will have anywhere between four to six hair follicles while micro grafts will consist of one to three units. They are then implanted unto specific areas of balding that can best recreate the appearance of having a full head of hair. This entire process while effective is not without a downside. A long linear scar will take the place of where the strip of skin used to be. Though this would be easily covered when the patient’s existing hair grows out, it still poses a limitation to what he can do with his hair. Wearing it short or cropped for example will not be possible without seeing the mark left by surgery.
Scalp micropigmentation can be used to conceal this FUT scar. It has long been utilised to camouflage hair loss. The same can be done with scarring caused by hair transplant surgery or any other marks as a result of trauma to the head. There is no formal design to think of because this would most likely be used to increase the appearance of density as well as uniformity of the hair growth. Implementing it is mainly to provide added freedom to the patient should he want a shorter hairstyle. Combining FUT surgery with scalp micropigmentation only goes to show that two methods can be used to create a more realistic hair loss solution.